If you're a trucker, chances are you've heard of the ELD Mandate. The intent of the Electronic Logging Device (ELD) Mandate is to more easily track and share records of duty status (RODS). ELDs automatically record engine hours, location, and vehicle miles at certain intervals. Having an ELD will be required for all commercial drivers who are currently required to prepare hours-of-service (HOS) RODS, and ELDs must be registered with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
While the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration believes requiring ELDs will limit mistakes, save time, and allow drivers to better manage driver fatigue, not everyone supports this latest government mandate. Some believe it invades privacy and that the government is overstepping. The costs of ELDs is also a concern.
Harassing a driver based on ELD data is prohibited. The mandate should make it harder for drivers to be forced to work when tired or sick.
If you are in the trucking industry, here's what you need to know:
Having an ELD is required for all commercial drivers who are currently required to prepare hours-of-service (HOS) RODS, and ELDs must be registered with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. A list of registered ELDs can be found here but companies should do their homework and test that the ELD is compliant and works.
The compliance date is December 18, 2017. If you are already using an automatic on-board recording device (AOBRD), you have until December 16, 2019, and then all drivers must use self-certified ELDs registered with the FMCSA.
Finding an ELD that works for your company may take time. You need to find the right provider, have it installed on your trucks, and then train your personnel. None of this will happen overnight. Make sure to give yourself enough time.
Drivers can edit logs, and if an administrator edits a driver's log, it is pending until the driver accepts or rejects it.
You are exempt from the ELD Mandate* if:
You use paper RODS for not more than 8 days out of every 30-day period.
You drive a vehicle manufactured before 2000.
You are required to keep RODS not more than 8 days within any 30-day period.
You conduct drive-away-tow-away operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered, or the vehicle being transported is a motor home or a recreation vehicle trailer with one or more sets of wheels on the surface of the roadway.
*You may still be required to comply with 49 CFR 395, see here.
For more information:
If you have any questions about ELDs, you can email ELD@dot.gov or call 1-800-832-5660 for more information. FMCSA has a long list of frequently asked questions that can be found here.